cations and anions list

In general, the name follows the rule: (group prefixes)(longest carbon chain prefix)(highest root bond)(most important group suffix). Salts are compounds composed of cations bonded to anions. Ferrocyanide Fe(CN)64-, Pyrophosphate P2O74-, Silicate SiO44-, Silicide Si4-, Antimonide Sb3-, Arsenate AsO43-, Arsenide As3-, Borate BO33-, Boride B3-, Citrate C6H5O73-, Hypophosphite PO23-, Nitride N3-, Perphosphate PO53-, Phosphate PO43-, Phosphide P3-, Phosphite PO33-, Arsenite AsO32-, Benzoate C7H5O22-, Carbonate CO32-, Dichromate Cr2O72-, Hydrogen Phosphate HPO42-, Hydrogen Phosphite HPO32-, Hyposulfite SO22-, Metasilicate SiO32-, Metatitanate TiO32-, Molybdate MoO32-, Orthomolybdate MoO42-, Oxalate C2O42-, Oxide O2-, Percarbonate CO42-, Peroxide O22-, Persulfate S2O82-, Phthalate C8H4O42-, Selenate SeO42-, Selenide Se2-, Selenite SeO32-, Sulfate SO42-, Sulfide S2-, Sulfite SO32-, Tartrate C4H4O62-, Tellurate TeO42-, Telluride Te2-, Tellurite TeO32-, Thiosulfate S2O32-, Titanate TiO32-, Tungstate WO42-, Acetate CH3COO-, Aluminate AlO2-, Bromate BrO3-, Bromide Br-, Bromite BrO2-, Chlorate ClO3-, Chloride Cl-, Chlorite ClO2-, Chromate CrO4-, Cyanate OCN-, Cyanide CN-, Dihydrogen Phosphate H2PO4-, Dihydrogen Phosphite H2PO3-, Fluorate FO3-, Fluoride F-, Fluorite FO2-, Formate HCOO-, Hydride H-, Hydrogen Carbonate HCO3-, Hydrogen Oxalate HC2O4-, Hydrogen Sulfate HSO4-, Hydrogen Sulfite HSO3-, Hydroxide OH-, Hypobromite BrO-, Hypochlorite ClO-, Hypofluorite FO-, Hypoiodite IO-, Iodate IO3-, Iodide I-, Iodite IO2-, Metaniobate NbO3-, Metavanadate VO3-, Nitrate NO3-, Nitrite NO2-, Perbromate BrO4-, Perchlorate ClO4-, Perfluorate FO4-, Periodate IO4-, Permanganate MnO4-, Thiocyanate SCN-, Ammonium NH4+, Cesium Cs+, Copper Cu+, Ethyl C2H5+, Francium Fr+, Gold Au+, Hydrogen H+, Lithium Li+, Mercury Hg+, Potassium K+, Rubidium Rb+, Sodium Na+, Barium Ba+2, Beryllium Be+2, Cadmium Cd+2, Calcium Ca+2, Cobalt Co+2, Copper Cu+2, Gallium Ga+2, Iron Fe+2, Lead Pb+2, Magnesium Mg+2, Mercury Hg+2, Polonium Po+2, Radium Ra+2, Titanium Ti+2, Uranyl UO2+2, Ytterbium Yb+2, Zinc Zn+2, Aluminum Al+3, Antimony Sb+3, Bismuth Bi+3, Cobalt Co+3, Gallium Ga+3, Gold Au+3, Iron Fe+3, Scandium Sc+3, Titanium Ti+3, Ytterbium Yb+3, Yttrium Y+3, Lead Pb+4, Polonium Po+4, Silicon Si+4, Titanium Ti+4, Zirconium Zr+4.

Its chemical formula is NH 4 +, which shows that each ion is made up of 1 nitrogen atom and 4 hydrogen atoms. Precipitate Definition and Example in Chemistry, Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College. What Are the Rules for Assigning Oxidation Numbers?

For example, table salt, or sodium chloride, consists of the Na + cation bonded to the Cl-anion to form NaCl.

Halogens always form anions, alkali metals and alkaline earth metals always form cations. The composition of salts with polyatomic ions is determined by the same rule as with monatomic ions. Formulas for Ionic Compounds The atoms in molecules bond to one another through "sharing"of electrons. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The next table shows some common transition metals that have more than one oxidation state. Common Compounds List » Chemical Equation Balancer » Complete List of Acids » Complete List of Bases » Molar to Mass Concentration Converter » Molar Mass Calculator » Cations, Anions List » Dilution Calculator » Molarity Calculator » Compound Prefixes » Water Insoluble Compounds » Compound Quiz » Concentration Solution Unit Converter Monatomic Cations and Anions. Salts are hygroscopic, or tend to pick up water.This water is called water of hydration. Many of the transition metal ions have varying oxidation states. Symbol H+ Li+ Na+ K+ Rb+ Cs+ Pb4+ Mg2+ Ca2+ Co2+ Ba2+ Ag+ Ra2+ Ni2+ Zn2+ Cu+ Name hydrogen ion lithium ion sodium ion potassium ion rubidium ion cesium ion lead(IV) plumbic magnesium ion calcium ion cobalt(II) cobaltous barium ion silver ion radium ion nickel ion zinc ion copper(I) cuprous Cations Symbol Hg22+ Hg2+ Fe2+ Fe3+ Pb2+ Be2+ Sn2+ Sn4+ Sr2+ …

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