pagoda dogwood clump

According to the USDA Forest Service, various types of birds eat the berries of pagoda dogwood (including the ruffed grouse), as does the black bear. Pagoda dogwood does not require feeding; mulching over the root zone provides sufficient nutrients. Sp. 'Golden Shadows' or another cultivar of pagoda dogwood can make an excellent specimen plant for a woodland garden.

Bluish-black berries follow the flowers to provide winter interest. It is a small deciduous shrub or tree growing to 25 feet (8 m) (rarely 30 feet (9 m)) tall, with a trunk up to 6 inches (152 mm) in diameter. Pagoda dogwood should be watered weekly when there is no rain; it requires about 1 inch of soil per week. It grows in woods, thickets and on rocky slopes where it forms a small clump tree. Its leaves are elliptic to ovate and grow to 2–5 inches (5–13 cm) long and 1–2 inches (25–51 mm) broad, arranged alternately on the stems, not in opposite pairs typical of the majority of Cornus species.

[7], Seedlings are shade-tolerant and it is often found as an understory tree in mature forests, such as those dominated by Acer saccharum (sugar maple) or Populus (aspen). Pagoda Dogwood adds a distinct look to the landscape, and oftentimes should be treated as a focal point in the yard.

In summer, the blue-black fruit on red pedicles held above the layered foliage is an impressive sight and persists for about a month. The upper sides of the leaves are smooth and green, while the undersides are hairy and a bluish color. The stamens are exserted with filaments long and slender. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. In autumn they turn yellow, or yellow and scarlet. Pagoda dogwood comes with few maintenance burdens. This tree likes loamy soil that is relatively moist but well-drained. Place the cutting and pot inside a large plastic bag and seal, making sure the leaves don't touch the bag. Cut a 6-inch length of stem from the tip of a branch.

It is rare in the southern United States.

The branches develop characteristic horizontal layers separated by gaps, with a flat-topped crown. Perfect, cream color, borne in many-flowered, broad, open cymes, at the end of short lateral branches. C. alternifolia is found under open deciduous trees, as well as along the margins of forests and swamps. Wood: Reddish brown, sapwood pale; heavy, hard, close-grained. Fertilize every 2 weeks with diluted liquid fertilizer until the plant is growing well. Site Design by. Proper siting of the plant in partial to full shade, along with adequate mulch and water, will reduce the incidence of this pathogen. This page was last edited on 31 August 2020, at 11:56. Winter buds: Light chestnut brown, acute. Cornus alternifolia is a species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae, native to eastern North America, from Newfoundland west to southern Manitoba and Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and Mississippi. Either look at the bottom of the pot to see if roots are coming through, or give the stem a gentle tug to see if it is anchored. Pagoda Dogwood.

TEXT: 864-523-7151 if you have a question. This tree should be kept at least 10ft away from buildings. Its attractive early purple fall color gives this plant multi-season interest in the landscape. Young trees are especially susceptible and may need to be protected with fences if rabbits or deer are a problem. Bark: Dark reddish brown, with shallow ridges. During Summer/Winter months shipping might be delayed as we only will be shipping on days that we know it won’t harm the plant(s). gr., 0.6696; weight 41–73 lb/cu ft (660–1,170 kg/m. The tree is regarded as attractive because of its wide-spreading shelving branches and flat-topped head, and is often used in ornamental plantings. [7], The fruits provide food for at least eleven species of birds and the black bear. The flower clusters have no great white involucre as have those of the flowering dogwood, and the fruit is dark purple instead of red. Bury the bottom of the cutting 1 1/2 inch deep in the rooting medium, and pack the medium tightly around the stem. The leaves and bark are eaten by white-tailed deer, beaver, and cottontail rabbit.[7]. Dogwoods are prone to leaf spot, twig and leaf blights, root rot, and canker. For many perennials, This 'rest period' is ESSENTIAL to good flowering performance in the upcoming season.

The bark is colored gray to brown, becoming ridged as it ages. Looking for a certain plant and don’t see it on our site? The plant will also tolerate clay soil but will grow more slowly.

The cultivar 'Argentea'[8] (silver pagoda dogwood) has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit (confirmed 2017). Fruit: Drupe, globular, blue-black, 0.3 in (8 mm) across, tipped with remnant of style which rises from a slight depression; nut obovoid, many-grooved. Pistil: Ovary inferior, two-celled; style columnar; stigma capitate.

When you're seeking a plant for shady areas (partial, open shade), consider one of the excellent cultivars of pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia), such as 'Golden Shadows,' with brightly-colored variegated leaves. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Pagoda dogwood, alternate-leaved dogwood, green osier, 15 to 25 feet tall; 12- to 32-foot spread (several cultivars are smaller plants), Organically rich, medium-moisture, well-drained loam, How to Propagate Rubber Trees From Cuttings. Moisten the rooting medium with water.

These adaptable trees are most often found in moist forests, along streams and creek banks, as well as in open meadows. The plant's common name derives from the tiered, pagoda-like shape of the growth habit, and the Latin species name derives from the alternate position of the leaves on the stems. The flowers are grouped into cymes, with the inflorescences 2–5 inches (5–13 cm) across.

Well-established new plants can be transferred to the landscape in fall. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience.

Occasional insect pests include scale, leaf miner, and borers. Check the cutting once a week to see if it has developed roots.

Calyx: The cup-shaped flowers have four petals that are valvate in bud, unwrapping when in bloom with cream colored, oblong shaped petals with rounded ends. (800) 309-2682 These trees prefer moist, well drained soil. Dogwoods are most susceptible to insect infestation when the lower trunks get wounded by lawn mowers or weed trimmers, so take care to avoid damaging the bark. [9], C. alternifolia is susceptible to golden canker (Cryptodiaporthe corni), particularly when drought-stressed or heat-stressed. Feather-veined, midrib broad, yellowish, prominent beneath, with about six pairs of primary veins. Pagoda Dogwood can be found in the cool climates of Eastern North America. Or, compost can be worked into the top few inches of soil beneath the tree each spring.

[11], 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T130047024A130047033.en, "Natural product agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ): A review",, Articles with incomplete citations from September 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. When you're seeking a plant for shady areas (partial, open shade), consider one of the excellent cultivars of pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia), such as 'Golden Shadows', with brightly-colored variegated leaves. In hot climates, you may need to provide shade and make sure the soil is mulched to keep it cool. Which means that even thought they have no green top growth, they will grow from dormant buds when temperatures are right. Both new leaves and fall foliage tend to take on reddish-purple, reddish-orange, or coppery coloration that is quite different from the color the plant has for the rest of the growing season. This plant likes moderately cool summer temperatures and humidity levels. That doesn’t mean we don’t carry it! It is also common in younger forests. For best performance, plant pagoda dogwood in moderately moist but well-drained loam that has an acidic soil pH. This large shrub/ medium tree grows to 1…

Like other dogwood species, pagoda dogwood is best propagated by taking stem cuttings and rooting them. It bears berries with a blackish blue color. In warmer regions, it appreciates more shade; in colder regions, more sun may be preferable. It is commonly known as green osier, alternate-leaved dogwood, and pagoda dogwood. Pagoda dogwood generally prefers dappled shade conditions that mimic the understory conditions under large trees. Pinch off the bottom pair of leaves from the stem, leaving wounds in the stem. The Pagoda has unique horizontally layered branching that makes it a true specimen in anyone?s landscape. What it needs: Pagoda Dogwood is an extremely tolerant tree which can grow in nearly any conditions. Make sure there are 4 to 6 leaves. Send your requests for plants not offered on our site to, Copyright © 2009-2020 All Rights Reserved. Monday through Wednesday. It has been cultivated since 1880 and it is the only hardy dogwood tree in Minnesota. This will also help the soil retain water, as will an application of mulch. These large, dark greened, glossy leaved Pagoda Dogwood, with its showy, aromatic, clustered, tiny white, spring flowers appearing in May. This appeal to wildlife also extends to deer and rabbits, which can badly damage the bark and branches of dogwood. [2] It is commonly known as green osier,[3] alternate-leaved dogwood,[4] and pagoda dogwood.[3][5]. They come out of the bud involute, reddish green above, coated with silvery white tomentum beneath, when full grown are bright green above, pale, downy, almost white beneath. During Winter and some early Spring shipments. [10], Cornus alternifolia has been used in the traditional Chinese medicine as tonic, analgesic, and diuretic.


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