henry kissinger grandchildren
יש חששות רציניים, כי כל מה שאתם רוצים, באמת, הוא להתחמק מכל הסדר המחייב ויתורים מצדכם ולשבת בגבולות שאתם יושבים בהם היום".[25]. עם זאת, התוכנית בוטלה והוא הוצב מחדש באוגדה 84. [65] Kissinger wrote to the Nobel Committee that he accepted the award "with humility,"[66][67] and "donated the entire proceeds to the children of American servicemembers killed or missing in action in Indochina. [126] 'Hill took a personal interest.'

[26] During 1955 and 1956, he was also study director in nuclear weapons and foreign policy at the Council on Foreign Relations. There, he made the acquaintance of Fritz Kraemer, a fellow immigrant from Germany who noted Kissinger's fluency in German and his intellect, and arranged for him to be assigned to the military intelligence section of the division.

His mother Paula (Stern) Kissinger (1901–1998), from Leutershausen, was a homemaker. "[120][121], Kissinger took a similar line as he had toward Chile when the Argentine military, led by Jorge Videla, toppled the elected government of Isabel Perón in 1976 with a process called the National Reorganization Process by the military, with which they consolidated power, launching brutal reprisals and "disappearances" against political opponents. [59] Thiệu refused to sign the peace agreement and demanded very extensive amendments that Kissinger reported to Nixon "verge on insanity". I expect that the games will proceed in the spirit for which they were designed, which is friendship among nations, and that other issues are discussed in other forums.” He said China had made huge efforts to stage the Games. [195], Kissinger's record was brought up during the 2016 Democratic Party presidential primaries. “Highlights of the AAP Sports Wire at 15:08 Aug 5, 2008,” AAP Sports News Wire (Sydney), August 5, 2008, MartinZhou, Martin, “Millions of Eyes on Clash of Titans,”. He is the founder and chairman of Kissinger Associates, an international consulting firm. Kissinger saw combat with the division, and volunteered for hazardous intelligence duties during the Battle of the Bulge. מאזן כוחות בין המעצמות הוא לדידו של קיסינג'ר הבסיס לשלום וליציבות בעולם. [173] In it, he attempted to balance the Ukrainian, Russian and Western desires for a functional state. The ceasefire, however, was not durable. [26] ככלל, היה קיסינג'ר צריך להתמודד עם רקעו היהודי ובשאלה שעלתה לגביו באיזו מידה הוא יכול להיות אובייקטיבי בשאלות הנוגעות לגורל ישראל ומעמדה במזרח התיכון, בו כלולות גם מדינות ערב. על תפקודו ואומץ ליבו בתפקיד זה קיבל את כוכב הארד, העיטור הרביעי בחשיבותו בצבא ארצות הברית. Christopher Clary, "Tilting at windmills: The flawed US policy toward the 1971 Indo-Pakistani war. Kissinger was criticised for not disclosing his role in the venture when called upon by ABC's Peter Jennings to comment the morning after the June 4, 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre. איום בפלישה לקובה ממסמכים מסווגים שנחשפו בשנת 2014 בארצות הברית, עולה כי קיסינג'ר החל בפברואר 1976 בהכנת תוכנית מגירה לתקיפת קובה, כתגובה לשליחת חיילים קובנים לאנגולה במהלך מלחמת האזרחים שהתחוללה שם, החל מנובמבר 1975. Kissinger was given the US Senator John Heinz Award for Greatest Public Service by an Elected or Appointed Official in 1973. Kissinger sneered at people who "bleed" for "the dying Bengalis" and ignored the first telegram from the United States consul general in East Pakistan, Archer K. Blood, and 20 members of his staff, which informed the US that their allies West Pakistan were undertaking, in Blood's words, "a selective genocide" targeting the Bengali intelligentsia, supporters of independence for East Pakistan, and the Hindu minority. Other topics like the Jordan crisis of 1970, the India-Pakistan war of 1971, his secret trip to China, etc. Kissinger, now 91, had heart surgery just three weeks earlier, although he seems unaffected by it. [60] Nixon wanted 69 amendments to the draft peace agreement included in the final treaty, and ordered Kissinger back to Paris to force Tho to accept them. רבבות עונו ואלפים "נעלמו". [20] בראיון שנערך עמו ציין קיסינג'ר כי "הקושי הבסיסי במרוצת כל פרשת ווטרגייט היה בשימור האמינות האמריקאית בעוד הסמכות הנשיאותית נמצאת במתקפה מתמדת. [61] Kissinger by this stage was worked up into a state of fury after Tho walked out of the Paris talks and told Nixon: "They're just a bunch of shits. [205], Since his childhood, Kissinger has been a fan of his hometown's soccer club, SpVgg Greuther Fürth. [182] Four scholars at the College of William & Mary ranked Kissinger as the most effective U.S. Secretary of State in the 50 years to 2015.

על אף העובדה שקיסנג'ר השתלב בארצות הברית, הצטיין בלימודיו ולמד במהירות את השפה האנגלית, הוא לא הצליח להיפטר לחלוטין מהמבטא הגרמני שלו (המשויך לאזור מזרח פרנקוניה שבבוואריה). קיסינג'ר התנגד להסתמכות על הסמכות האוניברסלית של האו"ם והסביר: "תומכי הסמכות האוניברסלית טוענים שהמדינה היא הגורם הבסיסי למלחמות ולא ניתן לסמוך עליה לשם הבאת צדק; אם הפוליטיקה תוחלף בחוק, השלום והצדק ינצחו. [94], Kissinger promised the Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir that the United States would replace its losses in equipment after the war, but sought initially to delay arm shipments to Israel, as he believed it would improve the odds of making peace along the lines of United Nations Security Council Resolution 242. בתוכניות המגירה שהוכנו הוצגו כמה אפשרויות פעולה דוגמת סגר צבאי, תקיפות אוויריות ומיקוש נמלים קובניים. Kissinger told Nixon that Bush was "too soft and not sophisticated" enough to properly represent the United States at the UN, and expressed no anger when the UN General Assembly voted to expel Taiwan and give China's seat on the UN Security Council to the People's Republic.[46].

[61], On January 8, 1973, Kissinger and Tho met again in Paris and the next day reached an agreement, which in main points was essentially the same as the one Nixon had rejected in October with only cosmetic concessions to the Americans. על אף השפעתו הרבה בזירה המדינית, נותר קיסינג'ר דמות שנויה במחלוקת במידה מה. In conversation with Nixon shortly after a meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir on March 1, 1973, Kissinger stated, "The emigration of Jews from the Soviet Union is not an objective of American foreign policy, and if they put Jews into gas chambers in the Soviet Union, it is not an American concern. "[175], In December 2016, Kissinger advised then President-elect Donald Trump to accept "Crimea as a part of Russia" in an attempt to secure a rapprochement between the United States and Russia, whose relations soured as a result of the Crimean crisis. [87] The "linkage" concept more applied to the question of security as Kissinger noted that the United States was going to sacrifice NATO for the sake of "citrus fruits". קישורים חיצוניים מיזמי קרן ויקימדיה ויקיציטוט ציטוטים בוויקיציטוט: הנרי קיסינג'ר ויקישיתוף תמונות ומדיה בוויקישיתוף: הנרי קיסינג'ר Green globe.svg אתר האינטרנט הרשמי, הנרי קיסינג'ר , באתר פרס נובל (באנגלית) הנרי קיסינג’ר , אנשי סגולה - יהודים זוכי פרס נובל, באתר בית התפוצות . [9], Kissinger was born Heinz Alfred Kissinger in Fürth, Bavaria, Germany in 1923 to a German Jewish family.

In 1938, because of Nazi persecution, his family had to move to London, England, and finally to New York. בהמשך קיבל את התואר "יועץ לשם כבוד" של לשכת המסחר ארצות הברית-אזרבייג'ן. Assistants to the President for National Security Affairs, Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Henry_Kissinger&oldid=985971010, 20th-century American non-fiction writers, 21st-century American non-fiction writers, Foreign Members of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Grand Crosses 1st class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Honorary Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George, Jewish emigrants from Nazi Germany to the United States, Members of the Steering Committee of the Bilderberg Group, Naturalized citizens of the United States, People from Washington Heights, Manhattan, Recipients of the Order of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, Recipients of the Presidential Medal of Distinction of Israel, The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Articles with dead external links from February 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Nobelprize template using Wikidata property P8024, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [28], Kissinger remained at Harvard as a member of the faculty in the Department of Government and, with Robert R. Bowie, co-founded the Center for International Affairs in 1958 where he served as associate director.

[185] British-American journalist and author Christopher Hitchens authored The Trial of Henry Kissinger, in which Hitchens calls for the prosecution of Kissinger "for war crimes, for crimes against humanity, and for offenses against common or customary or international law, including conspiracy to commit murder, kidnap, and torture". [85] Applying his favorite "linkage" concept, Nixon intended henceforward economic relations with Europe would not be severed from security relations, and if the EEC states wanted changes in American tariff and monetary policies, the price would be defense spending on their part. [122][123][124][125], As the article published in The Nation noted, as the state-sponsored terror mounted, conservative Republican U.S. Son of Louis Kissinger and Paula Kissinger לאחר פרישתו, זכה בפרס מטעם הארגון על תרומתו רבת השנים. 435 E 52nd St, New York, New York 10022-6445, USA, 1671 34th St , Washington, District of Columbia 20007-2742, USA, Manager, Birch Drive Llc, New York, New York, USA, 1940 - 736 West 181 Street, A D 23, New York, New York, USA, May 27 1923 - Fürth, Germany, Mathildenstraße 23, Germany, Louis Kissinger, Paula Kissinger (born Stern), Jewish Holocaust Memorials and Jewish Residents of Germany 1939-1945, https://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%94%D7%A0%D7%A8%D7%99_%D7%A7%D7%99%D7%A1%D7%99%D7%A0%D7%92%27%D7%A8. קיסינג'ר התגרש מאן בשנת 1964, והתחתן בשנית בשנת 1974 עם ננסי מגינס (אנ'), והם מתגוררים כיום לסירוגין בעיירה קנט שבקונטיקט ובעיר ניו יורק. He stressed that the key is not a purely national effort but greater international cooperation. In an August 1974 edition of The New York Times, it was revealed that Kissinger and State Department were informed in advance οf the impending coup by the Greek junta in Cyprus. This policy led to a significant relaxation in US–Soviet tensions and played a crucial role in 1971 talks with Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai. בנוסף לעבודתו המדינית כתב קיסינג'ר ספרים רבים העוסקים במדיניות חוץ ובדיפלומטיה. [100] Only on March 19, 1974 did the king end the oil embargo, after Sadat reported to him that the United States was being more "even handed" and after Kissinger had promised to sell Saudi Arabia weapons that it had previously denied under the grounds that they might be used against Israel.


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