medical eponyms examples

First published in 1985! 2007;335:424., iii. Would you recognize “paralysis agitans” as Parkinson’s disease? He has several places named after him, including the city of Bismarck, the capital of North Dakota.

Tetracycline (glycosuria, hyperphosphaturia, aminoaciduria, systemic Bellevue Hospital Medical College: A Guide to the Records.

For example, most adults living in the United States are familiar with the term ‘Obamacare’.

Eponyms like sandwich5, America6, and Obamacare7 add a cultural flourish to our everyday language both inside and outside the hospital. "[4] These guidelines emerged in response to backlash against people and places, based on the vernacular names of infectious diseases such as Middle East respiratory syndrome, and the 2009 swine flu pandemic. Emerg Infect Dis Vol. When Down gave his more detailed description in 1866, he coined the term “Mongolism” [xvii].

acidosis), rheumatoid arthritis, neutropenia, splenomegaly, adenomatous polyps of colon plus osteomas & soft tissue tumors, Lysosomal Storage Disease glucocerebrosidase deficiency, autoimmune: ab's to glomerular & alveolar basement membranes. Details, Inflammatory swelling of the facial nerve in the facial canal of Gas emboli due rapid decompression (diving).

disease, X-linked hereditary nephritis with nerve deafness, columnar metaplasia of the esophagus due to chronic reflux esophagitis Clenched fist over the sternum is a telling feature of cardiac hepatosplenomegaly, femoral head & long bone erosion, discuss challenging presentations with other members., ii. Defect in dynein arms leading to immotile necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis of paranasal sinuses, lungs, This was reported in The Lancetwhere the conclusion was summarized as: "The possessive use of an eponym should be discontinued, since the author neither had nor owned the disorder."

fibrosis which blends artery, vein & nerve into one mass.

Other eponyms examples enjoy more notoriety. brachydactyly, obesity, round facies, and short stature. However, over the past several years there has been an increasing resistance to the excessive use of eponyms, especially those associated with Nazi physicians [i,ii]. Rare, inherited disease in which lack of alpha-galactosidase causes

Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902) is one of the many physicians whose contributions to the field of medicine led to several eponyms. Harris NL, McNeely WF, Shepard JO, Ebeling SH, Ellender SM, Peters CC. Not named for the holiday, it is in honor of Stephen Christmas, the first patient to be described with the disease.

ipsilateral LMN lesion & loss of sensation at the level of the In an unfortunate twist of fate, a year and a half after delivering his lecture, Trousseau himself noticed swelling and erythema in his left arm, saying: “I am lost: the phlebitis that has just appeared tonight leaves me no doubt about the nature of my illness.” [xvi], He died of gastric cancer shortly after diagnosing himself with “Trousseau Syndrome.”. Skip lesions hence cobble stone appearance, Most commonly found in the terminal ileum. An eponymous disease is a disease, disorder, condition, or syndrome named after a person: usually the physician or other health care professional who first identified the disease; less commonly, a patient who suffered from the disease; rarely, a fictional character who exhibited signs of the disease; and, in some few instances, after such as an actor or the subject of a literary allusion, because characteristics associated with them were suggestive of symptoms observed in a particular .tocright{float:right;clear:right;width:auto;background:none;padding:.5em 0 .8em 1.4em;margin-bottom:.5em}.mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-left{clear:left}.mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-both{clear:both}.mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-none{clear:none}, Eponyms are a longstanding tradition in Western science and medicine. cancers in an individual and their family. …

New York: Scribner; 2011.

In 1975, the Canadian National Institutes of Health held a conference that discussed the naming of diseases and conditions. In May 2015, the World Health Organization, in collaboration with World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), released a statement on the Best Practices for the Naming of New Human Infectious Diseases "with the aim to minimize unnecessary negative impact of disease names on trade, travel, tourism or animal welfare, and avoid causing offence to any cultural, social, national, regional, professional or ethnic groups. & temp, Ipsilateral: mydriasis; Contralateral: UMN paralysis (lower face

Also, some descriptive terms have been deemed offensive or stigmatizing. Bismarck, whose nickname was the Iron Chancellor, renounced his threat, was a founder of Bellevue Hospital Medical College in 1861, where he taught for more than 20 years, His methods concentrated on a prudent physical exam and differential diagnosis, the murmur may be produced by the current just named, although no mitral lesion exists.”, as the Iron Horse, is listed as number 11 on ESPN’s top 100 baseball players of all-time, was actually first described by Charles Bell (among others) in the early 1800s, to describe the hypercoaguable syndrome that bears his name, “I am lost: the phlebitis that has just appeared tonight leaves me no doubt about the nature of my illness.”, When Down gave his more detailed description in 1866, he coined the term “Mongolism, that ethnicities had separate ancestors to support theories of racial superiority, World Health Organization requested it be changed and use slowly declined, the cytogeneticist who discovered the extra 21st chromosome in the late 1950s, sterilization programs and authorizing infection of concentration camp prisoners with rickettsia, American College of Chest Physicians to take away the “Master Clinician” award granted to Wegener,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, to a Pancoast tumor), progressive degeneration of caudate nucleus, putamen & frontal Pupil redilates slowly (tonic).

Dr. David Kudlowitz, Internal Medicine,  NYU Langone Medical Center, Peer reviewed by Michael Janjigian, MD, Medicine, NYU Langone Medical Center, Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons (Jozef Babinski). Varying patterns of possessive usage in eponymous neurodegenerative diseases", "For eponyms, AAMT advocates dropping the possessive form", "Tonische Krämpfe in willkürlich beweglichen Muskeln in Folge von ererbter physischer Disposition (Ataxia muscularis?


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